lunes, 24 de octubre de 2011

The first European cannon / El primer cañon en Europa

The first cannon in Europe were probably used in Iberia, during the Islamic wars against Spain, in the 13th century; their use was also first documented in the Middle East around this time. English cannon were first used during the Hundred Years' War, at the Battle of Crécy, in 1346. It was during this period, the Middle Ages, that cannon became standardized, and more effective in both the anti-infantry and siege roles. After the Middle Ages, most large cannon were abandoned, in favor of greater numbers of lighter, more maneuverable pieces. In addition, new technologies and tactics were developed, making most defenses obsolete; this led to the construction of star forts, specifically designed to withstand bombardment from artillery.
Earliest picture of a European cannon, "De Nobilitatibus Sapientii Et Prudentiis Regum," Walter de Milemete, 1326.

In Europe, the first mention of gunpowder's composition in express terms appeared, in Roger Bacon's "De nullitate magiæ" at Oxford, published in 1216.Later, in 1248, his "Opus Maior" describes a recipe for gunpowder and recognized its military use:
We can, with saltpeter and other substances, compose artificially a fire that can be launched over long distances ... By only using a very small quantity of this material much light can be created accompanied by a horrible fracas. It is possible with it to destroy a town or an army ... In order to produce this artificial lightning and thunder it is necessary to take saltpeter, sulfur, and Luru Vopo Vir Can Utriet.

domingo, 23 de octubre de 2011

Trebuchet / Trabuquete

Trebuchet Pictures, Images and Photos

A trebuchet or trebucket is a siege engine that was employed in the Middle Ages either to smash masonry walls or to throw projectiles over them. It is sometimes called a "counterweight trebuchet" or "counterpoise trebuchet" in order to distinguish it from an earlier weapon that has come to be called the "traction trebuchet", the original version with pulling men instead of a winch to return the trebuchet to launch position.
The counterweight trebuchet appeared in both Christian and Muslim lands around the Mediterranean in the twelfth century. It could fling up to three-hundred and fifty pound (140 kg) projectiles at high speeds into enemy fortifications. On occasion, disease-infected corpses were flung into cities in an attempt to infect or terrorize the people under siege—a medieval form of biological warfare. Traction trebuchets appeared in the Greek world and China in about the 4th century BC, and did not become obsolete until the 16th century, well after the introduction of gunpowder. Trebuchets were far more accurate than other medieval catapults.

El trabuquete

Un fundíbulo o trabuquete, también conocido como lanzapiedras es un arma de asedio medieval, empleada para destruir murallas o para lanzar proyectiles sobre los muros.

Se piensa que fue inventado en China entre los siglos V y III a. C. El Fundíbulo de contrapeso fue un perfeccionamiento del fundíbulo de tracción. El invento llegó a Europa alrededor del año 500 dC. Durante la Edad Media se cree que pudo haber sido usado para arrojar personas o animales, que hubiesen muerto por la peste negra, por encima de los muros de los castillos, con el propósito de infectar a la gente dentro de éste durante un sitio.

sábado, 1 de octubre de 2011

XVth century french Breach-loading cannon

Cañon Frances de retrocarga del siglo XV

My birthplace Guanajuto Mexico

Warwick castle England. All pics by Gary Hodgkinson

Royal Museum, Belgium. All pics by Everaert